The South Sudanese Civil War is an ongoing conflict in South Sudan between forces of the South Sudanese Government, the Sudanese People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), led by President Kiir, an ethnic Dinka, and the rebel group, SPLM-In Opposition, led by former Vice-President Machar, an ethnic Nuer. Political conflict and ethnic tensions pose the threat of genocide of thousands in the newest country in the world. Up to 300,000 people are estimated to have been killed in the war, and more than 3.5 million people have been displaced. The conflict has ethnic undertones, with accusations of targeted killings of ethnic communities on both sides.
Delegates are expected to discuss issues such as dealing with the immediate humanitarian crisis, protecting vulnerable communities, maintaining peace and stability, de-escalating hostilities, as well as working towards a long-term and sustainable resolution of this conflict. Delegates should also discuss the role of the African Union in peace negotiations and post-war reforms.
Public sector corruption is the biggest challenge to effective governance and development in Africa. It has led to disastrous impacts such as impeded economic growth and efficiency, exacerbated income inequality, extreme poverty and weakened public infrastructure in many African nations. It is estimated that nearly 75 million people in the Sub-Saharan African region alone have paid a bribe in 2015, not just to escape punishment, but even just for access to basic services. Despite the far-reaching consequences of public sector corruption, it is unfortunately a particularly difficult issue to resolve because the very people who should be responsible for preventing this problem are the ones propagating it.
Delegates are expected to discuss issues such as gaps in the current measures of African countries with regards to combating public sector corruption, the role of domestic governments in crack downs, implementing a regional anti-corruption framework in Africa and setting up of a transboundary regulatory body which deals with public sector corruption at a regional level.
To be updated soon!