The Conflict in Yemen started out in 2014, when Houthi rebels supporting the ousted president Ali Abdul Saleh, attempted to take control of Yemen. Three years on, the Houthis and the Saudi-led coalition have been locked in a stalemate. Neither side has made significant military advances, but the civilians have bore the brunt of the conflict nonetheless. As the fighting continues, the death toll climbs to thousands as the country is subjected to abject poverty, disease and drought. As has been the case with Middle Eastern conflicts, the prospect of an end to the conflict in Yemen seems distant, due to the underlying geopolitics characteristic of the Middle-East.
Middle-Eastern states have long relied upon their reserves of fossil fuels as means of generating revenue for their state. However, although this practice has been extremely profitable in the past, a variety of factors such as the large scale production of shale oil and sinking oil prices, have brought into question the sustainability of the practice. In response to this, states like the UAE and Saudi Arabia have been aiming to reduce their dependence on oil, by diversifying their economies. To do this, these states are doing all they can to attract foreign investors – a prime example being Saudi Arabia reversing its long-held policy of Wahhabism in favour of moderate Islam. However, while the more economically developed states in the Arab League have had less of a difficulty in their diversification efforts, less economically developed states, many of which are recovering from past military conflicts, require assistance to do so.
As delegates of the Arab League, you will get to discuss and propose strategies that you think are best suited to helping Middle-Eastern states diversify their economy. Delegates are encouraged to consider the methods in which less developed countries can be helped in creating non-fossil fuel revenue streams.
To be updated soon!