As humans have progressed on their quest for resources, they have turned increasing attention onto the seabed. While the International Seabed Authority (ISA) was formed in 1994 to regulate such matters, the renewed interest in the seabed for mining calls into question the adequacy in regulating all activities under its and UNCLOS’ jurisdiction. Should all states, even without capabilities to mine be beneficiaries of redistribution still? How much responsibility should states take over mistakes by private firms they sponsor? Delegate will explore the issue and define the intricacies within it. Will the principles set in the past still hold today? Or will delegates form a new set of principles altogether regarding the deep sea remains to be seen.
As the climate changes, increasing numbers of people have been displaced due to unsuitable living conditions. According to UN reports, 250 million of such environmental migrants would be internally and externally displaced. Yet, it was only in 2018 that they were even legitimised as climate migrants by the global compact of migration. Facing the issue of a global refugee crisis, countries already face resource constraints and are reluctant to grant them a higher status. Can a clearer definition of environmental migrants be provided then? What are their rights? What can be done about the migration process? Keeping in mind global trends of migration and reactions, delegates will need to project their stances will achieving a consensus of frameworks regarding the issue.
To be announced!